Resources below consist of essays and biblical studies I’ve written over the years. From general topics in systematic theology, religious pluralism, doctrine, philosophy, and apologetics to small group materials designed for Sunday School classes, one-on-one discipleship, or personal devotion, this content is intended to inspire, encourage, and empower minds and hearts from a biblically faithful world and life view. Topics include: apologeticstheologydoctrineexposition, and christian spirituality.

All content listed below is the intellectual property of Paul D. Adams and is made available for individual and personal usage. If you cite from these documents, whether for personal or professional purposes, please give appropriate citation and provide a link to the original URL. By opening any document from this page, you are agreeing to this usage policy.


The Mystery of God Incarnate: An Analysis and Critique of John Hick’s Christology
Faith and Reason: Friends or Foes?
Why Believe God Exists?
Reaching Islam: Doing It Paul’s Way
Why Apologetics is Important to Your Church
Now About Trusting the Text: Canon and Inspiration
Resurrection or Reincarnation?
Letter to a Yogi
Natural Theology and Cosmology
The Divine Command Dilemma: A Christian Appraisal


Toward a Christian Theology
Augustine and Freedom: Some Tentative Philosophical Reflections
The Mystery of God Incarnate
Christ and Chalcedon
John Hick’s Religious Epistemology Reconsidered
The Character of God
The Making of Theology
Does God Really Change His Mind?


The Gospel of Jesus Christ: The Statement
The Gospel, Part 1: Introduction
The Gospel, Part 2: The Nature of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 3: The Supposition of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 4: The Span of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 5: The Selectivity of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 6: The Person of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 7: The Provision of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 8: The Provision of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 9: The Provision of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 10: The Provision of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 11: The Application of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 12: The Application of the Gospel
The Gospel, Part 13: The Application of the Gospel

Against Baptismal Regeneration
Election and Salvation in John’s Gospel
Faith without Works: James 2:14-26
Is Hell Going Out of Business?
A Call to Generosity: What Does the Bible Say about Tithing?


Philippians 1:1-2
Philippians 1:3-11
Philippians 1:12-30
Philippians 2:1-11
Philippians 2:12-30
Philippians 3:1-6
Philippians 3:7-14
Philippians 3:15-21
Philippians 4:1-9
Philippians 4:10-13
Philippians 4:14-23

1 Peter Introduction
1 Peter 1:1-12
1 Peter 1:13-25
1 Peter 2:1-10
1 Peter 2:11-17
1 Peter 2:18-23
1 Peter 3:1-7
1 Peter 3:8-12
1 Peter 3:13-22

Ephesians 1:3-14
Ephesians 1:15-23
Ephesians 2:1-10
Ephesians 2:11-22

1 John Introduction
1 John 1:1-4
1 John 1:5-7
1 John 1:8-2:2
1 John 2:3-17
1 John 2:18-28
1 John 3:1-9
1 John 3:10-24
1 John 4:1-6
1 John 4:7-21
1 John 5:1-5
1 John 5:6-10
1 John 5:11-21

 christian spirituality

Our Strength, His Power: Who We Are and Why It Matters
The Sufficiency and Sovereignty of the Holy Spirit in Jonathan Edwards’ Religious Affections
Bible Verses for Faith in Times of Stress
Small Group Philosophy of Ministry
Small Group Member Opportunities to Serve
Signs of Maturity
Proverbs with a Purpose
Being Jesus’ Disciple
Follow the Leader: Gleanings from Jesus’ Leadership

Understanding the Bible, Part 1
Understanding the Bible, Part 2
Understanding the Bible, Part 3

Yielding Spiritual Fruit
Using Spiritual Gifts

Spiritual Disciplines: What Are They? (For an updated series, see here)
Spiritual Disciplines: Prayer, Fasting, Journaling
Spiritual Disciplines: Memorization, Meditation
Spiritual Disciplines: Solitude, Silence, Simplicity
Spiritual Disciplines: Modeling Jesus (Obedience)
Spiritual Disciplines: Secrecy, Sacrifice
Spiritual Disciplines: Service, Submission
Spiritual Disciplines: Fellowship, Confession
Spiritual Disciplines: Worship, Celebration
Spiritual Disciplines: Recommended Reading

Preparing to Pray
Jesus’s Prayer Life
The Lord’s Prayer
Prayer for Maturity
Prayer for Love and Purity
Prayer for Power
Prayer for Ministry
God’s Providence, Our Prayers (Part 1)
God’s Providence, Our Prayers (Part 2)